4.5 - Verbs

You've already met a number of verbs, in previous units, but they've not yet been presented systematically.

The form you normally find in a dictionary is known as the infinitive. In English this often has "to" before the actual verb. In Ukrainian it ends in -ти, for example:

бачити to see
працювати to work 
читати to read

Some verbs (and therefore their infinitives) have the letters -ся after the -ти ending. This is the mark of a reflexive verb (where the action is done to oneself, on one's own, or mutually by people to each other), for example:

народитися to be born
боятися to be afraid
відкриватися to open (as in "the door opened")

Using the dictionary, find the meanings of (and then memorise!) the following verbs:

міняти вчитися
обирати вважати
керувати привітати
створити будувати
вирішувати думати
дозволяти починати


To practise verbs in the infinitive go to Exercise 4.5A and Exercise 4.5B.

Part of the collection of resources at UkrainianLanguage.org.uk
© 2007 Marta Jenkala