9.2 - Forming adjectives from nouns
Many adjectives are derived from nouns. If you know the meaning of a noun, you can usually work out what the adjective means; for example:
|дорога – road||дорожній транспорт – road transport|
|книжка – book||книжковий ярмарок – book fair|
|рік – year||річний звіт – annual report|
N.B. In English, as seen above, nouns frequently act as modifiers, and do not change to an adjectival form. In Ukrainian, this only happens in loan words e.g. «інтернет-магазин».
Some adjectives are compounds of two words. In such cases, you can usually understand the whole if you identify its constituent parts, e.g.:
- цілодобовий is composed of цілий (whole) + доба (24 hours), so «цілодобовий доступ» means "24-hour access"
- двосторонній is composed of два (two) + сторона (side, party), so «двосторонні переговори» means "bi-partite talks".
For more practise in working out the meanings of compound adjectives go to Exercise 9.2C.