15.4 - More feminine nouns (2)

On page 15.3 the principal types of non-first declension feminine nouns were presented. This page brings together the remainder, which are often considered to be exceptions, so, once you have taken note of the paradigms given below, there are really not many more forms to learn!

матиmother


N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
L.
V.
singular
мати
матері
матері
матір
матір'ю
матері
мати!
plural
матері
матерів
матерям
матерів
матерями
матерях
матері!

The only other nouns of this type are compounds of матір: прамати, Богомати.

The archaic form of the nominative, accusative and vocative singular, матір, is still sometimes used in poetic or solemn registers.

All other nouns ending in -ір are masculine.

людинаhuman being, person, individual
дитинаchild


N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
L.
V.


N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
L.
V.
singular
людина
людини
людині
людину
людиною
людині
людино!

plural
люди
людей
людям
людей
людьми
людях
люди!

дитина
дитини
дитині
дитину
дитиною
дитині
дитиною!


діти
дітей
дітям
дітей
дітьми
дітях
діти!

These are the only two nouns of this type. They follow the pattern for first declension in the singular, but change their stem in the plural.

N.B. In contemporary Ukrainian the plurals людини and дитини are sometimes used, particularly with numerals, as in «Дві дитини (людини) потрапили у лікарню», to stress persons and chidren as individuals, as opposed to offspring and members of the human race, respectively.

дверіdoor(s)


N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
L.
V.
plural
двері
дверей
дверям
двері
дверми/дверима
дверях
двері!

Двері
is used in the plural only, so it is not obvious that the noun is feminine.

Other feminine nouns used only in plural include труднощі, солодощі, тонкощі and a small number of other, mainly abstract, nouns with an -ощі ending. These are declined like first declension mixed nouns in the plural.

N.B. Вівця (sheep) has the form овець in the genitive plural (accusative plural is вівці or овець).

Exercise 15.4A

Top
Part of the collection of resources at UkrainianLanguage.org.uk
© 2007 Marta Jenkala