15.5 - More about neuter nouns

First declension neuter nouns were covered in Unit 6. To revise the forms of these nouns go to page 6.6.

On this page you will see neuter nouns which don't belong to the first declension. These end in a consonant plus -а or -я, and have a stem which grows to -ат or -ят in most of the cases. Learn the example for each type and the most important nouns which are declined like it, given below.

ім'яname


N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
L.
V.
singular
ім'я
імені/ім'я
імені
ім'я
іменем/ім'ям
імені
ім'я!
plural
імена
імен
іменам
імена
іменами
іменах
імена!

You can see that in the singular there are alternative forms for some of the cases (the singular as a whole has similarities with first declension neuter nouns of the здоров'я type).

Other important nouns like this are: плем'я, тім'я, сім'я (meaning seed or sperm, not family, which is feminine 1st declension)

теляcalf


N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
L.
V.
singular
теля
теляти
теляті
теля
телям
теляті
теля!
plural
телята
телят
телятам
телят/телята
телятами
телятах
телята!

This group contains nouns which, though animate, are neuter in gender, so must be qualified by neuter adjectives etc.

Nouns of this type denote the young of the species, including: дитя, дівча, хлоп'я, хлопча, маля, курча, лоша, порося and чортя(!). Use of nouns like these can also be affective, usually suggesting a fond or indulgent attitude.

окоeye


N.
G.
D.
A.
I.
L.
V.
singular
око
ока
окові/оку
око
оком
оці
око!
plural
очі
очей
очам
очі
очима
очах
очі!

This is the only noun of this type in current Ukrainian.

The archaic plural form вічі is still sometimes used in poetry, as is the adverbial phrase віч-на-віч (face to face; literally, eye to eye).

N.B. The stems of some neuter nouns vary in some of the cases, usually remnants of their historical development: gen. pl. of серцесердець; gen. pl. of плечі - плечей.

Exercise 15.5A

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© 2007 Marta Jenkala