Conjunctions

As conjunctions are indeclinable, and have been formed in a variety of ways, they do not have any specific stress patterns. In cases where the conjunction has been formed on the basis of two words e.g. причо́му (при + чо́му), it may be possible to predict where the stress will lie. Given below are the most frequently used conjunctions, with their stress (where relevant) and meanings.

More information on conjunctions and their use in Ukrainian: Read Ukrainian! pages 19.2 and 19.3.

Coordinating conjunctions

і/й; таand

ні... ніneither ... nor

не ті́льки..., а й; не лише́..., але́ йnot only ... but also

як... так (і)both ... and

аand/but (contrastive)

але́but

та; проте́; зате́; одна́кhowever, but

нато́містьhowever (colloquial)

причо́муmoreover, besides

то..., тоsometimes ... sometimes, at times ... at others

або́... або́; чи... чиeither ... or

не то..., не тоnot quite ... not quite, part ... part ...

чи то..., чи тоwhether ... or

то́бтоi.e., in other words

Subordinating conjunctions

тому́ що; бо; через те́, щоbecause, since

тому́therefore, that is why

хоч; хоча́although

щоб (що́би); аби́in order to, in order that

якщо́if (present/ future)

якщо́ б; якби́if (past/conditional)

ні́би; ні́бито; мов; немо́в; нена́чеas if

хай; неха́йlet ..., may ..., should

ніж; ані́жthan (in comparison)

оскі́лькиas, inasmuch as, insofar as

що́йноnot until, only ... when, once

як ті́лькиas soon as

пі́сля то́го, якwhen, once, after

пе́ред ти́м, якbefore

що ажso (such) ... that

так щоso (that)

незважа́ючи на те, щоdespite the fact that, even though

Exercise

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© 2012 Marta Jenkala